It has been widely documented that street-based sex workers experience stigma and discrimination on a daily basis (Jiménez et al. 2011; Sallman 2011). Women who are street-based sex workers are labelled immoral women, drug users, and transmitters of disease, and are generally considered as unworthy members of society (Wolffers and van Beelan 2003; O’Neill et al. 2008). As a result, streetbased sex workers often experience stigma and discrimination, affecting their social, physical and psychological wellbeing as well as intensifying feelings of social isolation (Vanwesenbeeck 2001; Pinkham and Malinowska-Sempruch 2008). Fear of experiencing stigma and discrimination also impedes women’s access to community-based services and personal support networks, subsequently leading to feelings of immense social isolation and exclusion (Krieger 1999; Kurtz et al. 2005; Pinkham and Malinowska-Sempruch 2008; Strega et al. 2009). The practice of social inclusion is essential for marginalised groups as it facilitates feelings of safety, wellbeing, reduces mental health issues and provides a sense of belonging (Australian Social Inclusion Board 2010; Smyth et al. 2011). In this chapter, we briefly review the impacts of stigma and discrimination on female street-based sex workers and how this results in social exclusion. The chapter discusses ways to increase social inclusion through exploring the business of St Kilda Gatehouse, a not-for-profit organisation located in Melbourne, Australia, designed to provide services and support for male, female and transgender streetbased sex workers and homeless people; male and transgender street-based sex workers are not the focus of this chapter. We will illustrate how a communitybased organisation such as the St Kilda Gatehouse can facilitate social inclusiveness for female street-based sex workers and address issues of social inclusion in their service delivery. We will then discuss the impact that the organisation has on female street-based female sex workers in St Kilda who access the Gatehouse.
|Title of host publication||Practising Social Inclusion|
|Editors||Ann Taket, Beth R. Crisp, Melissa Graham, Lisa Hanna, Sophie Goldingay, Linda Wilson|
|Place of Publication||Abingdon Oxon UK|
|Number of pages||9|
|ISBN (Print)||9780415531061, 9780415531078|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|