Potential of in vivo real-time gastric gas profiling: A pilot evaluation of heat-stress and modulating dietary cinnamon effect in an animal model

Jian Zhen Ou, Jeremy J. Cottrell, Nam Ha, Naresh Pillai, Chu K. Yao, Kyle J. Berean, Stephanie A. Ward, Danilla Grando, Jane G. Muir, Christopher J. Harrison, Udani Wijesiriwardana, Frank R Dunshea, Peter R. Gibson, Kourosh Kalantar-zadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gastroenterologists are still unable to differentiate between some of the most ordinary disorders of the gut and consequently patients are misdiagnosed. We have developed a swallowable gas sensor capsule for addressing this. The gases of the gut are the by-product of the fermentation processes during digestion, affected by the gut state and can consequently provide the needed information regarding the health of the gut. Here we present the first study on gas sensor capsules for revealing the effect of a medical supplement in an animal (pig) model. We characterise the real-time alterations of gastric-gas in response to environmental heat-stress and dietary cinnamon and use the gas profiles for understanding the bio-physiological changes. Under no heat-stress, feeding increases gastric CO2 concentration, while dietary cinnamon reduces it due to decrease in gastric acid and pepsin secretion. Alternatively, heat-stress leads to hyperventilation in pigs, which reduces CO2 concentration and with the cinnamon treatment, CO2 diminishes even more, resulting in health improvement outcomes. Overall, a good repeatability in gas profiles is also observed. The model demonstrates the strong potential of real-time gas profiler in providing new physiological information that will impact understanding of therapeutics, presenting a highly reliable device for monitoring/diagnostics of gastrointestinal disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number33387
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Sep 2016

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