Posttemperature effects on shaft capacity of a full-scale geothermal energy pile

Bill Wang, Abdelmalek Bouazza, Rao Martand Singh, Christopher Michael Haberfield, David Barry-Macaulay, Serhat Baycan

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67 Citations (Scopus)


Shallow geothermal heat exchangers integrated in structural pile foundations have the capability of being an efficient and cost-effective solution to cater for the energy demand for heating and cooling of built structures. However, limited information is available on the effects of temperature on the geothermal energy pile load capacity. This paper discusses a field pile test aimed at assessing the impact of thermomechanical loads on the shaft capacity of a geothermal energy pile. The full-scale in situ geothermal energy pile equipped with ground loops for heating/cooling and multilevel Osterberg cells for static load testing was installed at Monash University, Melbourne, Australia in a sandy profile. Strain gauges, thermistors, and displacement transducers were also installed to study the behavior of the energy pile during the thermal and mechanical loading periods. It has been found that the pile shaft capacity increased after the pile was heated and returned to the initial capacity (i.e., initial conditions) when the pile was allowed to cool naturally. This indicated that no losses in pile shaft capacity were observed after heating and cooling cycles. Avariance in average vertical thermal strains was observed along the upper section of the pile shaft at the end of the heating periods. These were almost fully recovered at the end of the cooling periods, indicating that they are of an elastic nature. Pile average circumferential strains were found to be relatively uniform at the end of the heating and cooling periods and did not change with depth. They, also, were fully recovered during the cooling period. It was also observed that the increase of temperature during the heating periods prompted the pile shaft to expand radially. Subsequently, as the pile cooled down, the pile shaft slowly contracted and returned closely to its original condition, suggesting a thermoelastic behavior.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

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