Poststroke White Matter Hyperintensities and Physical Activity: A CANVAS Study Exploratory Analysis

Stanley Hughwa Hung, Mohamed Salah Khlif, Sharon Kramer, Emilio Werden, Laura J. Bird, Bruce C.V. Campbell, A. M.Y. Brodtmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose White matter hyperintensities (WMHs) are associated with poststroke cognitive decline and mortality. Physical activity (PA) may decrease WMH risk by reducing vascular risk factors and promoting cerebral perfusion. However, the association between poststroke PA and WMH progression remains unclear. We examined the association between PA and WMH volume 12 months after stroke, and between PA and change in WMH volume between 3 and 12 months after stroke. Methods We included ischemic stroke survivors from the Cognition And Neocortical Volume After Stroke cohort with available brain magnetic resonance imaging and objective PA data. Total, periventricular, and deep WMH volumes (in milliliters) were estimated with manually edited, automated segmentations (Wisconsin White Matter Hyperintensities Segmentation toolbox). Moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA) was estimated using the SenseWear® Armband. Participants with MVPA ≥30 min·d-1 were classified as "meeting PA guidelines."We used quantile regression to estimate the associations between PA (MVPA and meeting PA guidelines) with WMH volume at 12 months and change in WMH volume between 3 and 12 months after stroke. Results A total of 100 participants were included (median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale 2; interquartile range, 1-4). MVPA was not associated with WMH volume. In univariable analysis, meeting PA guidelines was associated with lower total, periventricular, and deep WMH volumes by 3.0 mL (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.5-9.7 mL), 2.8 mL (95% CI, 0.5-7.1 mL), and 0.9 mL (95% CI, 0.1-3.0 mL), respectively. However, in multivariable analysis, meeting PA guidelines was not associated with WMH volume, and older age was associated with greater WMH volume at 12 months. PA was not associated with change in WMH volume. Conclusions Meeting PA guidelines was associated with lower WMH volume at 12 months in univariable analysis, but not in multivariable analysis. Age consistently predicted greater WMH volume.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1401-1409
Number of pages9
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume54
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022

Keywords

  • MRI
  • NEUROIMAGING
  • PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
  • STROKE
  • WHITE MATTER HYPERINTENSITIES

Cite this