Postnatal growth outcomes and influence of maternal gestational weight gain: a prospective cohort study in rural Vietnam

Sarah Hanieh, Tran Thu Ha, Julie A Simpson, Tran T Thuy, Nguyen Khuong, Dang D Thoang, Thach Duc Tran, Tran Tuan, Jane Rosamond Woodward Fisher, Beverley-Ann Biggs

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Suboptimal weight gain during pregnancy may result in adverse outcomes for both the mother and child, including increased risk of pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes, delivery of low birth weight and small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants, and preterm delivery. The objectives of this study were to identify maternal predictors of rate of weight gain in pregnancy, and to evaluate the association of gestational weight gain with infant postnatal growth outcomes.Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study of infants born to women who had previously participated in a double-blind cluster randomized controlled trial of antenatal micronutrient supplementation, in Ha Nam province, Vietnam. Pregnant women (n = 1258) were seen at enrolment and 32 weeks gestation, and infants (n = 965) were followed until 6 months of age. Primary outcome was infant anthropometric indicators at 6 months of age (weight for age, length for age, weight for height z scores), and infant weight gain velocity during the first 6 months of life.Results: Low body mass index (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 9
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Issue number1 (Art. No: 339)
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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