Positron emission tomographic imaging in stroke: Cross-sectional and follow-up assessment of amyloid in ischemic stroke

Ramesh Sahathevan, Thomas Linden, Victor L. Villemagne, Leonid Churilov, John V. Ly, Christopher Rowe, Geoffrey Donnan, Amy Brodtmann

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Purpose - Cardiovascular risk factors significantly increase the risk of developing Alzheimer disease. A possible mechanism may be via ischemic infarction-driving amyloid deposition. We conducted a study to determine the presence of β-amyloid in infarct, peri-infarct, and hemispheric areas after stroke. We hypothesized that an infarct would trigger β-amyloid deposition, with deposition over time. Methods - Patients were recruited within 40 days of acute ischemic stroke and imaged with computed tomographic or magnetic resonance imaging and Pittsburgh compound B (11C-PiB) positron emission tomographic scans. Follow-up positron emission tomographic scanning was performed in a subgroup ≤18 months after the stroke event. Standardized uptake value ratios for regions of interest were analyzed after coregistration. Results - Forty-seven patients were imaged with 11C-PiB positron emission tomography. There was an increase in 11C-PiB accumulation in the stroke area compared with a reference region in the contralesional hemisphere, which was not statistically significant (median difference in standardized uptake value ratio, 0.07 [95% confidence interval, -0.06 to 0.123]; P=0.452). There was no significant increase in the accumulation of 11C-PiB in the peri-infarct region or in the ipsilesional hemisphere (median difference in standardized uptake value ratio, 0.04 [95% confidence interval, -0.02 to 0.10]; P=0.095). We repeated 11C-PiB positron emission tomography in 21 patients and found a significant reduction in accumulation of 11C-PiB between regions of interest (median difference in standardized uptake value ratio, -0.08 [95% confidence interval, -0.23 to -0.03]; P=0.04). Conclusions - There was no significant increase in 11C-PiB accumulation in or around the infarct. There was no increase in ipsilesional hemispheric 11C-PiB accumulation over time. We found no evidence that infarction leads to sustained or increased β-amyloid deposition ≤18 months after stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-119
Number of pages7
JournalStroke
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alzheimer disease
  • follow-up studies
  • positron emission tomography
  • risk factors

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