Positive youth development and gender differences in high performance sport

Donna O’Connor, Lauren Gardner, Paul Larkin, Alun Pope, A. Mark Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


We examined positive youth development within a high performance sport environment. Youth football players (N = 455; Males = 315; Females = 140) completed a range of questionnaires including: the Youth Experiences Survey for Sport; Self-Confidence subscale of the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory–2 Revised; Sport Competence Inventory; Prosocial and Antisocial Behaviour in Sport Scale; and the modified Coach-Athlete Relationship questionnaire. The players reported a relatively high level of self-confidence, competence and positive youth experiences. They felt a strong coach-athlete relationship and displayed higher levels of prosocial than antisocial behaviour. Males scored significantly higher than females on self-confidence, perceived self-competence, antisocial behaviour to teammates and opponents, relationship with their coach, and cognitive skills. Findings suggest a relationship between high performance sport environments and positive youth development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1399-1407
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Issue number11-12
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • adolescence
  • coach
  • Football
  • gender
  • positive youth development
  • youth sport

Cite this