Porous silicon biosensors on the advance

Andrew Jane, Roman Dronov, Alastair Hodges, Nicolas H. Voelcker

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

337 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biosensor research is a rapidly expanding field with an immense market potential spanning a broad spectrum of applications including biomedical diagnostics, environmental monitoring, veterinary and food quality control. Porous silicon (pSi) is a nanostructured material poised to take centre stage in the biosensor development effort. This can be ascribed to the ease and speed of fabrication, remarkable optical and morphological properties of the material (including tuneable pore size and porosity), large internal surface area and the versatile surface chemistry. The past decade has, therefore, seen diverse proof-of-principle studies involving pSi-based optical and electrochemical transducers, which are highlighted here. We also provide comparative analysis of transducer sensitivity, robustness and susceptibility to interferences and cover strategies for sensitivity enhancement by means of signal amplification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-239
Number of pages10
JournalTrends in Biotechnology
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes

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