Porous nitrogen–doped carbon derived from biomass for electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 to CO

Fengwang Li, Mianqi Xue, Gregory P. Knowles, Lu Chen, Douglas R. MacFarlane, Jie Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrochemical reduction of CO2 using electricity from renewable sources is emerging as a promising approach for reducing global CO2 emissions and converting CO2 into useful chemicals. Here, a nitrogen–doped porous carbon material is proposed to electrocatalytically reduce CO2 to CO with high activity, selectivity and superior durability. The material is synthesized by a facile one–step pyrolysis approach using biomass, namely wheat flour, and KOH as starting materials. The resulting materials show high surface area with hierarchical porous structures, and the nitrogen content and functional species can be controlled to some extent via the pyrolysis temperature. The catalyst exhibits a maximum faradaic efficiency of 83.7% and a partial current density of CO of 6.6 mA cm−2 at an overpotential of 0.71 V in aqueous bicarbonate medium. Moreover, it also demonstrates superior long–term durability with trivial loss of activity and selectivity. Mechanistic study indicates that the pyridinic nitrogen is responsible for the high catalytic activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-568
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume245
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Biomass–derived materials
  • Carbon materials
  • CO reduction
  • Electrocatalysis
  • Heteroatom doping

Cite this

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title = "Porous nitrogen–doped carbon derived from biomass for electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 to CO",
abstract = "Electrochemical reduction of CO2 using electricity from renewable sources is emerging as a promising approach for reducing global CO2 emissions and converting CO2 into useful chemicals. Here, a nitrogen–doped porous carbon material is proposed to electrocatalytically reduce CO2 to CO with high activity, selectivity and superior durability. The material is synthesized by a facile one–step pyrolysis approach using biomass, namely wheat flour, and KOH as starting materials. The resulting materials show high surface area with hierarchical porous structures, and the nitrogen content and functional species can be controlled to some extent via the pyrolysis temperature. The catalyst exhibits a maximum faradaic efficiency of 83.7{\%} and a partial current density of CO of 6.6 mA cm−2 at an overpotential of 0.71 V in aqueous bicarbonate medium. Moreover, it also demonstrates superior long–term durability with trivial loss of activity and selectivity. Mechanistic study indicates that the pyridinic nitrogen is responsible for the high catalytic activity.",
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Porous nitrogen–doped carbon derived from biomass for electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 to CO. / Li, Fengwang; Xue, Mianqi; Knowles, Gregory P.; Chen, Lu; MacFarlane, Douglas R.; Zhang, Jie.

In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 245, 10.08.2017, p. 561-568.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Porous nitrogen–doped carbon derived from biomass for electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 to CO

AU - Li, Fengwang

AU - Xue, Mianqi

AU - Knowles, Gregory P.

AU - Chen, Lu

AU - MacFarlane, Douglas R.

AU - Zhang, Jie

PY - 2017/8/10

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N2 - Electrochemical reduction of CO2 using electricity from renewable sources is emerging as a promising approach for reducing global CO2 emissions and converting CO2 into useful chemicals. Here, a nitrogen–doped porous carbon material is proposed to electrocatalytically reduce CO2 to CO with high activity, selectivity and superior durability. The material is synthesized by a facile one–step pyrolysis approach using biomass, namely wheat flour, and KOH as starting materials. The resulting materials show high surface area with hierarchical porous structures, and the nitrogen content and functional species can be controlled to some extent via the pyrolysis temperature. The catalyst exhibits a maximum faradaic efficiency of 83.7% and a partial current density of CO of 6.6 mA cm−2 at an overpotential of 0.71 V in aqueous bicarbonate medium. Moreover, it also demonstrates superior long–term durability with trivial loss of activity and selectivity. Mechanistic study indicates that the pyridinic nitrogen is responsible for the high catalytic activity.

AB - Electrochemical reduction of CO2 using electricity from renewable sources is emerging as a promising approach for reducing global CO2 emissions and converting CO2 into useful chemicals. Here, a nitrogen–doped porous carbon material is proposed to electrocatalytically reduce CO2 to CO with high activity, selectivity and superior durability. The material is synthesized by a facile one–step pyrolysis approach using biomass, namely wheat flour, and KOH as starting materials. The resulting materials show high surface area with hierarchical porous structures, and the nitrogen content and functional species can be controlled to some extent via the pyrolysis temperature. The catalyst exhibits a maximum faradaic efficiency of 83.7% and a partial current density of CO of 6.6 mA cm−2 at an overpotential of 0.71 V in aqueous bicarbonate medium. Moreover, it also demonstrates superior long–term durability with trivial loss of activity and selectivity. Mechanistic study indicates that the pyridinic nitrogen is responsible for the high catalytic activity.

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