Porous diffusion dialysis membranes for rapid acid recovery

Xiaocheng Lin, Ezzatollah Shamsaei, Biao Kong, Jefferson Zhe Liu, Yaoxin Hu, Tongwen Xu, Huanting Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

To enhance the proton permeability of the anion exchange membranes used in diffusion dialysis, porous ultrafiltration membrane with a thin skin layer rather than the dense membrane was utilized for the preparation of diffusion dialysis membrane. In particular, brominated poly (phenylene oxide) (BPPO) ultrafiltration membrane was fabricated via a phase inversion method and then modified by crosslinking with polyethyleneimine (PEI) and subsequent quaternization with trimethylamine (TMA) via nucleophilic substitution reaction. Diffusion dialysis related properties of the membranes such as water uptake, ion exchange capacity, and thermal and swelling stabilities were investigated. Due to the special structure of the membranes (i.e., high porosity and low thickness of the top layer (sub-1 μm), as confirmed by scanning electron microscopy) the optimal membrane exhibited 6.4 times higher acid dialysis coefficient for HCl recovery from HCl/FeCl2 solution than the commercial DF-120 (thickness=320 μm) membrane at the similar separation factor. The calculated acid recovery capacity can increase from 11.3 up to 83.7 L m−2 d−1 by replacing DF-120 with our optimal membrane. Our findings show the porous membranes developed here have great potential for high-efficiency acid recovery through diffusion dialysis process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76 - 83
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume502
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Porous membrane
  • Crosslinking
  • Brominated poly(phenylene oxide)
  • Diffusion dialysis
  • Acid recovery

Cite this

Lin, Xiaocheng ; Shamsaei, Ezzatollah ; Kong, Biao ; Liu, Jefferson Zhe ; Hu, Yaoxin ; Xu, Tongwen ; Wang, Huanting. / Porous diffusion dialysis membranes for rapid acid recovery. In: Journal of Membrane Science. 2016 ; Vol. 502. pp. 76 - 83.
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Porous diffusion dialysis membranes for rapid acid recovery. / Lin, Xiaocheng; Shamsaei, Ezzatollah; Kong, Biao; Liu, Jefferson Zhe; Hu, Yaoxin; Xu, Tongwen; Wang, Huanting.

In: Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 502, 15.03.2016, p. 76 - 83.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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