Porous Co3O4 materials prepared by solid-state thermolysis of a novel Co-MOF crystal and their superior energy storage performances for supercapacitors

Fanli Meng, Zhiguo Fang, Zuoxi Li, Weiwei Xu, Mengjiao Wang, Yanping Liu, Ji Zhang, Wanren Wang, Dongyuan Zhao, Xiaohui Guo

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In this work, porous Co3O4 materials were prepared via a solid-state conversion process of a freshly prepared cobalt-based metal–organic framework (Co-MOF) crystal. Herein, the unique Co-MOF crystal was formed via the specific chemical coordination between the carboxylic ligand azobenzene-3,5,4′-tricarboxylic acid (H3ABTC) and the auxiliary ligand 4,4′-bipyridine (bpy) to construct 2-dimensional (2D) bilayer structural intermediates, which subsequently formed a 3D polycatenation supramolecular array architecture with the assistance of π–π stacking and hydrogen bonding interactions. Subsequently, porous Co3O4 particles were obtained by simple thermolysis of the Co-MOF crystals via a two-step calcination treatment. The results demonstrated that the as-made Co3O4 displays crystalline and well-defined porous features and can be applied as a supercapacitor electrode, and its energy storage performances were investigated in 2 M KOH electrolyte. The electrochemical results showed that the porous Co3O4 particles exhibit a high specific capacitance of 150 F g-1 at a current density of 1 A g-1 and retain slightly enhanced capacitance after 3400 cycles, which could be ascribed to its higher specific surface area and accessible channel structural features. The present approach is facile, controllable, and reproducible. Importantly, this specific solid-state thermal conversion strategy could be easily extended to prepare other porous metal and/or
metal oxide nanomaterials with specific surface textures and morphologies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7235-7241
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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