Porous anisotropic metal nanostructures through controlled transmetallation across a dialysis membrane

Sourabh Shukla, Renu Pasricha, Murali Sastry

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Abstract

Nanostructured metals with hollow interiors are of technological importance due to their unique optoelectronic properties and enhanced surface area. We describe herein, a novel method for the synthesis of anisotropic gold and palladium nanoparticles through a simple galvanic replacement reaction across a semi-permeable dialysis membrane. The control over the reaction kinetics achieved by the presence of membrane enables one to tune the bimetal composition, particle porosity and morphology. Rapid outward diffusion of silver ions generated from the sacrificial silver nanoparticles even at room temperatures prevents the precipitation of high quantities of silver chloride, thereby circumventing the need for product purification. The porous anisotropic nanostructures have potential applications in catalysis, cell imaging and therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6401-6408
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ag/Pd nanostructures
  • Anisotropic nanoparticles
  • Dialysis
  • Galvanic replacement
  • Porous nanostructures
  • Silver nanotriangles
  • Silver nanowires
  • Transmetallation

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