Porous Alumina Membrane-Based Electrochemical Biosensor for Protein Biomarker Detection in Chronic Wounds

Gayathri Rajeev, Elizabeth Melville, Allison J. Cowin, Beatriz Prieto-Simon, Nicolas H. Voelcker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


A label-free electrochemical detection platform for the sensitive and rapid detection of Flightless I (Flii) protein, a biomarker of wound chronicity, has been developed using nanoporous anodic alumina (NAA) membranes modified with Flii antibody recognition sites. The electrochemical detection is based on the nanochannel blockage experienced upon Flii capture by immobilized antibodies within the nanochannels. This capture impedes the diffusion of redox species [[Fe(CN)6]4−/3−] toward a gold electrode attached at the backside of the modified NAA membrane. Partial blockage causes a decrease in the oxidation current of the redox species at the electrode surface which is used as an analytical signal by the reported biosensor. The resulting biosensing system allows detection of Flii at the levels found in wounds. Two types of assays were tested, sandwich and direct, showing <3 and 2 h analysis time, respectively, a significant reduction in time from the nearly 48 h required for the conventional Western blot assay. Slightly higher sensitivity values were observed for the sandwich-based strategy. With faster analysis, lack of matrix effects, robustness, ease of use and cost-effectiveness, the developed sensing platform has the potential to be translated into a point-of-care (POC) device for chronic wound management and as a simple alternative characterization tool in Flii research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number155
Number of pages11
JournalFrontiers in Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2020


  • chronic wound
  • electrochemical biosensor
  • flightless detection
  • immunosensing
  • porous alumina

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