Pore shape analysis using centrifuge driven metal intrusion: Indication on porosimetry equations, hydration and packing

Shu Jian Chen, Wen Gui Li, Cheng Ke Ruan, Kwesi Sagoe-Crentsil, Wen Hui Duan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Porosity is an intrinsic property of many cementitious materials. This study uses a new centrifugation-based low-melting-point metal intrusion technique to characterize and analyze the shape of pores in cementitious materials. Low energy electrons with ultra-long beam dwell time are used to obtain nano meter level resolution of the pore shape. Three descriptors, namely circularity, solidity, and aspect ratio, are proposed to represent the area-perimeter relationship, hydration and packing and 3D shape of the pores, respectively. Circularity is found to hold a consistent power correlation with pore size. Based on this correlation, the Washburn's equation is modified to correct the biased prediction of pore size using mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP). Solidity, is found to decrease with increased pore size, denser packing of cement particles and more hydration products. Aspect ratio of the observed pores is found to average at about 2 representing an oblate ellipsoid shape of pore in 3D space.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-104
Number of pages10
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2017


  • Cement
  • Hydration
  • Image analysis
  • Metal intrusion
  • Pore size distribution

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