On October 7, 2012, Hugo Chávez was comfortably reelected president of Venezuela. Just days before the vote, the impression given by major international print media was that it would be close, an assessment that proved to be at best optimistic. Western media coverage of the election in Venezuela was designed to skew the result toward the opposition, and this effort singularly failed. The “propaganda model” advanced by Herman and Chomsky is now faltering in the Americas, and the region is acting in a manner that is increasingly free of influence from the United States. Venezuela thus stands as a case of the citizenry actively and independently asserting its political agency despite clear attempts to redirect its thinking and decision making.
- Hugo Chávez
Burges, S., Chodor, T. K., & Emerson, R. G. (2017). ¿Por qué no les callan? Hugo Chávez’s reelection and the decline of Western hegemony in the Americas. Latin American Perspectives, 44(1), 215-231. https://doi.org/10.1177/0094582X16658255