Despite a number of studies reporting that ertapenem pharmacokinetic parameters differ considerably in obese patients from those in healthy volunteers, functions describing the relationships between this agent's pharmacokinetics and indicators of body size have not been developed. The aim of this analysis was to develop an ertapenem population pharmacokinetic model using data from a previously described study in normal-weight, obese, and morbidly obese healthy volunteers. A single ertapenem 1-g dose administered intravenously was evaluated in 30 subjects within different body mass index (BMI) categories. The population pharmacokinetic model was developed using the firstorder conditional estimation method with interaction (FOCE-I) algorithm within NONMEM. The ability of age, sex, renal function, and various body size measures (total body weight, height, body mass index, ideal body weight, fat-free mass, and body surface area [BSA]) to explain a portion of the interindividual variability on select pharmacokinetic parameters was explored using stepwise forward selection (α = 0.01) and backward elimination (α = 0.001). The data were best described using a linear three-compartment model with total body weight as a covariate on clearance (CL = 1.79 [weight/95.90] 0.278) and BSA as a covariate on central volume (Vc = 4.76 [BSA/2.06]1.86). After accounting for fixed effects, the estimated interindividual variability was very low (<10% for all clearance and volume terms). Goodness-of-fit diagnostics indicated a precise and unbiased fit to the data. Using the developed population pharmacokinetic model and simulation, reliable estimates of ertapenem serum exposures, which can be utilized to evaluate various dosing regimens in subjects with a wide range of body sizes, are expected.
- Population pharmacokinetics