Population nucleosynthesis in single and binary stars I. Model

Robert George Izzard, Lynette M Dray, Amanda Irene Karakas, Maria Anna Lugaro, Christopher A Tout

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132 Citations (Scopus)


We present a synthetic algorithm to rapidly calculate nucleosynthetic yields from populations of single and binary stars for use in population synthesis, globular cluster and Galactic chemical evolution simulations. Single star nucleosynthesis is fitted directly to full evolution models and our model includes first, second and third dredge-ups with s-process enhancements, an analytic calculation for hot-bottom burning of CNO, NeNa and MgAl isotopes, surface enhancements due to wind loss in massive stars and core-collapse supernova yields. Even though this algorithm operates about 10(7) times faster than full evolution and nucleosynthesis calculations, agreement with such models is good. We extend the single star model to include prescriptions of binary star interactions, notably mass loss and gain by stellar winds and Roche-lobe overflow, novae and type Ia supernovae. As examples of the application of our algorithm we present models of some interesting systems containing chemically peculiar stars that may occur in binaries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565 - 572
Number of pages8
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

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