This volume studies the relationships between government and the popular music industries, comparing three Anglophone nations: Australia, New Zealand and Scotland. At a time when issues of globalisation and locality are seldom out of the news, musicians, fans, governments and industries are forced to reconsider older certainties about popular music activity and their roles in production and consumption circuits. The decline of multinational recording companies and the accompanying rise of promotion firms such as Live Nation exemplify global shifts in infrastructure, profits and power. Popular music provides a focus for many of these topics - and popular music policy a lens through which to view them. The book has four central themes: the (changing) role of states and industries in popular music activity; assessment of the central challenges facing smaller nations competing within larger, global music-media markets; comparative analysis of music policies and debates among nations (and also among organisations and popular music sectors); analysis of where and why the state intervenes in popular music activity and how (and whether) music fits within the turn to culture in policymaking over the last 20 years. Where appropriate, brief, nation-specific case studies are highlighted as a means of illuminating broader global debates.