Objectives Despite their public health importance, little is known about associations between modifiable lifestyles, quality of life (QOL), and psychiatric symptoms in men. We investigated relationships between QOL, obesity, mobility and lifestyle in Australian men, including whether associations were mediated by anxiety and depression.
Study design A cross-sectional study of 893 men (aged 24–92 yrs) participating in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study: an age-stratified, population-based sample of men randomly recruited from the Barwon Statistical Division (BSD), in south-eastern Australia.
Main outcome measures Using a validated tool, QOL was measured in the domains of physical health, psychological health, social relationships and the environment. Anxiety and depression were ascertained using the Hospital Anxiety and Depressive Scale. Models were adjusted for age, clinical measures of obesity and mobility, and self-reported lifestyles, with adjustment made for anxiety and depression. Results Associations were observed between low mobility and lower psychological-related QOL (OR 0.70, 95%CI 0.53–0.93), and for smoking and low mobility with lower environment-related QOL (OR 0.48, 95%CI 0.27–0.84; OR 0.67, 95%CI 0.50–0.90, respectively). Age, anxiety and depression were independently associated with QOL in each domain.
Conclusions Independent of age, anxiety and depression, smoking and low mobility showed particularly strong effects on the likelihood of men reporting a lower satisfaction with their QOL. This information will inform the design of effective and equitable health policies, the allocation of resources toward unmet needs, and the development of strategic health-related plans.
- Psychiatric symptoms
- Quality of life