Polymorphisms in the human inhibitory signal-regulatory protein α do not affect binding to its ligand CD47

Deborah Hatherley, Susan M. Lea, Steven Johnson, A. Neil Barclay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CD47 is a widely distributed membrane protein that interacts with signal-regulatory proteinα (SIRPα), an inhibitory receptor on myeloid cells that gives a "don't-eat-me" signal. Manipulation of the interaction is of considerable interest in the immunotherapy of cancer and in xenotransplantation. The aminoterminal ligand binding domain of SIRPα is highly polymorphic in contrast to the single Ig-like domain of CD47. There is confusion as to whether the polymorphisms will affect ligand binding, but this is an important point for this interaction and other paired receptors being considered as targets for therapy. We show by X-ray crystallography that one human SIRPα allele differing in 13 amino acid residues has a very similar binding site and that several different alleles all bind CD47 with similar affinity as expected because the residues are mostly surface-exposed and distant from the binding site. A peptide from the binding site of CD47 has been reported to mimic the CD47 interaction with SIRPα, but we could find no binding. We discuss the possible pitfalls in determining the affinity of weak interactions and also speculate on how SIRPα polymorphisms may have been selected by pathogens and how this may also be true in other paired receptors such as the KIRs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10024-10028
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of Biological Chemistry
Volume289
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes

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