Polymorphism in the retinoic acid metabolizing enzyme CYP26B1 and the development of Crohn's disease

Karin Fransen, Petra Franzén, Anders Magnuson, Ali Ateia Elmabsout, Nils Nyhlin, Anna Wickbom, Bengt Curman, Leif Törkvist, Mauro D'Amato, Johan Bohr, Curt Tysk, Allan Sirsjö, Jonas Halfvarson

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Abstract

Several studies suggest that Vitamin A may be involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but the mechanism is still unknown. Cytochrome P450 26 B1 (CYP26B1) is involved in the degradation of retinoic acid and the polymorphism rs2241057 has an elevated catabolic function of retinoic acid, why we hypothesized that the rs2241057 polymorphism may affect the risk of Crohn's disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC). DNA from 1378 IBD patients, divided into 871 patients with CD and 507 with UC, and 1205 healthy controls collected at Orebro University Hospital and Karolinska University Hospital were analyzed for the CYP26B1 rs2241057 polymorphism with TaqManH SNP Genotyping Assay followed by allelic discrimination analysis. A higher frequency of patients homozygous for the major (T) allele was associated with CD but not UC compared to the frequency found in healthy controls. A significant association between the major allele and non-stricturing, non-penetrating phenotype was evident for CD. However, the observed associations reached borderline significance only, after correcting for multiple testing. We suggest that homozygous carriers of the major (T) allele, relative to homozygous carriers of the minor (C) allele, of the CYP26B1 polymorphism rs2241057 may have an increased risk for the development of CD, which possibly may be due to elevated levels of retinoic acid. Our data may support the role of Vitamin A in the pathophysiology of CD, but the exact mechanisms remain to be elucidated.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere72739
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

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