Monolithic columns for capillary electrochromatography (CEC) were prepared by in situ polymerisation of bicontinuous microemulsions containing butyl methacrylate. The resulting monoliths were found to be permeable to mobile phase flow and their behaviour as CEC stationary phases was investigated. It was found that the monoliths were able to separate a simple test mixture of phthalates, but that efficiencies were low. However, several advantages of the monoliths compared to conventional ODS packed columns were found: preparation time is short, many columns can be prepared from the same batch of microemulsion and column conditioning is much faster. The columns show promise as stationary phases for CEC, but more development is required to improve efficiencies.
- Monolithic columns
- Pore size
- Stationary phases, electrochromatography
- Thermodynamic parameters