Polymer Synthesis with More Than One Form of Living Polymerization Method

Xiaofeng Guo, Bonnie Choi, Anchao Feng, San H. Thang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


Controlled radical polymerization (CRP) or controlled/living radical polymerization has revolutionized the polymer industry as a tool for the preparation of a wide variety of polymers. This process enables the preparation of polymers with good control of molecular weight, narrow polydispersity, and a range of architectures including block and graft copolymers, star polymers, and other functional polymers. The mechanistic transformation reaction provides a great opportunity to tune chemical and physical properties of copolymers. It can be applied to combine different homopolymers using post-modification techniques or by the use of a dual initiator, allowing the combination of mechanistically distinct polymerization reactions. This review will cover CRP transformations including the synthesis of block copolymers with both linear structures (AB, ABA, (AB) n , multiblocks, etc.) and branched macromolecular architectures (graft, miktoarm star, and dendritic-like), which are obtained by a combination of more than one form of living polymerization reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800479
Number of pages20
JournalMacromolecular Rapid Communications
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018


  • block copolymers
  • controlled/living radical polymerization
  • living polymerization
  • reversible-deactivation radical polymerization
  • transformation reactions

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