Polymer hydrogel assisted combustion synthesis of highly crystalline ceramic nanoparticles for SOFC electrolyte films

Dehua Dong, Zhanli Chai, Chun-Zhu Li, Huanting Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Highly crystalline Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9 (SDC) nanoparticles were synthesized via a polyacrylamide hydrogel assisted combustion process involving microwave-induced gelation and combustion. Crosslinked polyacryamide was used as fuel, and uniform dispersion of ceramic precursors in the porous polyacrylamide hydrogel led to mild combustion and limited agglomeration of ceramic particles. The combustion method developed here prolonged combustion process, and allowed ceramic particles to further crystallization. As-synthesized powders were calcined to increase particles size, for the purposed of reducing sintering shrinkage in the densification of electrolyte film. The reactive SDC powders with particle sizes of 0.1a??1 I?m were made into dense solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) electrolyte film by dip-coating. The cell with a 6 I?m thick SDC film achieved high maximum power densities of 353 and 533 mW cma??2 at 550 and 600 A?C, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148 - 152
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Volume118
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Cite this

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title = "Polymer hydrogel assisted combustion synthesis of highly crystalline ceramic nanoparticles for SOFC electrolyte films",
abstract = "Highly crystalline Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9 (SDC) nanoparticles were synthesized via a polyacrylamide hydrogel assisted combustion process involving microwave-induced gelation and combustion. Crosslinked polyacryamide was used as fuel, and uniform dispersion of ceramic precursors in the porous polyacrylamide hydrogel led to mild combustion and limited agglomeration of ceramic particles. The combustion method developed here prolonged combustion process, and allowed ceramic particles to further crystallization. As-synthesized powders were calcined to increase particles size, for the purposed of reducing sintering shrinkage in the densification of electrolyte film. The reactive SDC powders with particle sizes of 0.1a??1 I?m were made into dense solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) electrolyte film by dip-coating. The cell with a 6 I?m thick SDC film achieved high maximum power densities of 353 and 533 mW cma??2 at 550 and 600 A?C, respectively.",
author = "Dehua Dong and Zhanli Chai and Chun-Zhu Li and Huanting Wang",
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doi = "10.1016/j.matchemphys.2009.07.026",
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Polymer hydrogel assisted combustion synthesis of highly crystalline ceramic nanoparticles for SOFC electrolyte films. / Dong, Dehua; Chai, Zhanli; Li, Chun-Zhu; Wang, Huanting.

In: Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 118, No. 1, 2009, p. 148 - 152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Polymer hydrogel assisted combustion synthesis of highly crystalline ceramic nanoparticles for SOFC electrolyte films

AU - Dong, Dehua

AU - Chai, Zhanli

AU - Li, Chun-Zhu

AU - Wang, Huanting

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Highly crystalline Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9 (SDC) nanoparticles were synthesized via a polyacrylamide hydrogel assisted combustion process involving microwave-induced gelation and combustion. Crosslinked polyacryamide was used as fuel, and uniform dispersion of ceramic precursors in the porous polyacrylamide hydrogel led to mild combustion and limited agglomeration of ceramic particles. The combustion method developed here prolonged combustion process, and allowed ceramic particles to further crystallization. As-synthesized powders were calcined to increase particles size, for the purposed of reducing sintering shrinkage in the densification of electrolyte film. The reactive SDC powders with particle sizes of 0.1a??1 I?m were made into dense solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) electrolyte film by dip-coating. The cell with a 6 I?m thick SDC film achieved high maximum power densities of 353 and 533 mW cma??2 at 550 and 600 A?C, respectively.

AB - Highly crystalline Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9 (SDC) nanoparticles were synthesized via a polyacrylamide hydrogel assisted combustion process involving microwave-induced gelation and combustion. Crosslinked polyacryamide was used as fuel, and uniform dispersion of ceramic precursors in the porous polyacrylamide hydrogel led to mild combustion and limited agglomeration of ceramic particles. The combustion method developed here prolonged combustion process, and allowed ceramic particles to further crystallization. As-synthesized powders were calcined to increase particles size, for the purposed of reducing sintering shrinkage in the densification of electrolyte film. The reactive SDC powders with particle sizes of 0.1a??1 I?m were made into dense solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) electrolyte film by dip-coating. The cell with a 6 I?m thick SDC film achieved high maximum power densities of 353 and 533 mW cma??2 at 550 and 600 A?C, respectively.

U2 - 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2009.07.026

DO - 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2009.07.026

M3 - Article

VL - 118

SP - 148

EP - 152

JO - Materials Chemistry and Physics

JF - Materials Chemistry and Physics

SN - 0254-0584

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ER -