Polymer-free drug-coated coronary stents in patients at high bleeding risk

Philip Urban, Ian T Meredith, Alexandre Abizaid, Stuart J Pocock, Didier Carrie, Christoph K Naber, Janusz Lipiecki, Gert Richardt, Andres I Iniguez, Philippe Brunel, Mariano Valdes-Chavarri, Philippe Garot, Suneel Talwar, Jacques Berland, Mohamed Abdellaoui, Franz Robert Eberli, Keith G Oldroyd, Robaayah Zambahari, John N S Gregson, Samantha GreeneHans-Peter Stoll, Marie-Claude Laude Morice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

416 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients at high risk for bleeding who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) often receive bare-metal stents followed by 1 month of dual antiplatelet therapy. We studied a polymer-free and carrier-free drug-coated stent that transfers umirolimus (also known as biolimus A9), a highly lipophilic sirolimus analogue, into the vessel wall over a period of 1 month. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind trial, we compared the drug-coated stent with a very similar bare-metal stent in patients with a high risk of bleeding who underwent PCI. All patients received 1 month of dual antiplatelet therapy. The primary safety end point, tested for both noninferiority and superiority, was a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or stent thrombosis. The primary efficacy end point was clinically driven target-lesion revascularization. RESULTS: We enrolled 2466 patients. At 390 days, the primary safety end point had occurred in 112 patients (9.4 ) in the drug-coated-stent group and in 154 patients (12.9 ) in the bare-metal-stent group (risk difference, -3.6 percentage points; 95 confidence interval [CI], -6.1 to -1.0; hazard ratio, 0.71; 95 CI, 0.56 to 0.91; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2038 - 2047
Number of pages10
JournalThe New England Journal of Medicine
Volume373
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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