Platinum accumulation in the brain and alteration in the central regulation of cardiovascular and respiratory functions in oxaliplatin-treated rats

Ahmed A. Rahman, Vanesa Stojanovska, Paul Pilowsky, Kulmira Nurgali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Oxaliplatin is a platinum-based alkylating chemotherapeutic agent used for cancer treatment. Neurotoxicity is one of its major adverse effects that often demands dose limitation. However, the effects of chronic oxaliplatin on the toxicity of the autonomic nervous system regulating cardiorespiratory function and adaptive reflexes are unknown. Male Sprague Dawley rats were treated with intraperitoneal oxaliplatin (3 mg kg−1 per dose) 3 times a week for 14 days. The effects of chronic oxaliplatin treatment on baseline mean arterial pressure (MAP); heart rate (HR); splanchnic sympathetic nerve activity (sSNA); phrenic nerve activity (PNA) and its amplitude (PNamp) and frequency (PNf); and sympathetic reflexes were investigated in anaesthetised, vagotomised and artificially ventilated rats. The same parameters were evaluated after acute oxaliplatin injection, and in the chronic treatment group following a single dose of oxaliplatin. The amount of platinum in the brain was determined with atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Chronic oxaliplatin treatment significantly increased MAP, sSNA and PNf and decreased HR and PNamp, while acute oxaliplatin had no effects. Platinum was accumulated in the brain after chronic oxaliplatin treatment. In the chronic oxaliplatin treatment group, further administration of a single dose of oxaliplatin increased MAP and sSNA. The baroreceptor sensitivity and somatosympathetic reflex were attenuated at rest while the sympathoexcitatory response to hypercapnia was increased in the chronic treatment group. This is the first study to reveal oxaliplatin-induced alterations in the central regulation of cardiovascular and respiratory functions as well as reflexes that may lead to hypertension and breathing disorders which may be mediated via accumulated platinum in the brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-120
Number of pages14
JournalPflugers Archiv-European Journal of Physiology
Volume471
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Chemotherapy
  • Oxaliplatin
  • Platinum
  • Sympathetic nerve

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