Platelet-leukocyte crosstalk: Linking proinflammatory responses to procoagulant state

Mehran Ghasemzadeh, Ehteramolsadat Hosseini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Platelet activation is known to be associated with the release of a vast array of chemokines and proinflammatory lipids which induce pleiotropic effects on a wide variety of tissues and cells, including leukocytes. During thrombosis, the recruitment of leukocytes to activated platelets is considered an important step which not only links thrombosis to inflammatory responses but may also enhance procoagulant state. This phenomenon is highly regulated and influenced by precise mutual interactions between the cells at site of vascular injury and thrombi formation. Platelet-leukocyte interaction involves a variety of mediators including adhesion molecules, chemokines and chemoattractant molecules, shed proteins, various proinflammatory lipids and other materials. The current review addresses the detailed mechanisms underlying platelet-leukocyte crosstalk. This includes their adhesive interactions, transcellular metabolisms, induced tissue factor activity and neutrophil extracellular traps formation as well as the impacts of these phenomena in modulation of the proinflammatory and procoagulant functions in a reciprocal manner that enhances the physiological responses. ? 2012 Elsevier Ltd
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191 - 197
Number of pages7
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume131
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Cite this