Planning for the compact city; An assessment of melbourne@5 million

Nadine M J D'Argent, Jason Beringer, Nigel Tapper, Andrew Coutts

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearch

4 Citations (Scopus)


The compact city is acknowledged by the international community as the principal sustainable urban form to combat increasing ubainsation pressures and urban sprawl. In Melbourne, Australia urban population growth is anticipated to increase to 5 million people by 2030 and as a policy response the Victorian Government implemented the compact city strategic plan ; Melbourne@5 million. It aims at containing urban growth and reconsolidating the Melbourne metropolitan area into 100 activity centers (high density mixed used centers). However, the progressional development of dispersed urban forms towards a more compact urban morphology is expected to accentuate and expand the already established Urban Heat Island UHI effect experienced in many cities worldwide. The potential threat to human health will also be exacerbated as urban dwellers are at a heightened risk of experiencing heat stress during extreme temperature events, as the UHI effect may also be superimposed by projected global climate change impacts. Therefore, the main objective of this investigation is to assess the microclimatic impacts and associated outdoor human thermal environmental impacts resulting from proposed changes in urban morphologies (ie. high density mixed used activity centers) as highlighted in the Melbourne@5 million planning scheme. This will be achieved by simulating microclimatic information via the ENVI-met three dimensional microscale numerical modelling suite and validating against fieldwork measurements. The expected outcome of this study may potentially assist in developing policy suggestions for improving Melbourne's urban microclimate, an aspect which has not yet been considered in Melbourne's planning policy initiatives.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWSUD 2012 - 7th International Conference on Water Sensitive Urban Design: Building the Water Sensitive Community, Final Program and Abstract Book
Place of PublicationBarton, ACT, Australia
PublisherEngineers Australia
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9780858258952
Publication statusPublished - 2012
EventInternational Conference on Water Sensitive Urban Design 2012: Building the Water Sensitive Community - Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 21 Feb 201223 Feb 2012
Conference number: 7th


ConferenceInternational Conference on Water Sensitive Urban Design 2012
Abbreviated titleWSUD Conference 2012
Internet address


  • Climate responsive design
  • Microclimate
  • Outdoor human thermal environment
  • Urban heat island
  • Urban planning

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