Physiological control of implantable rotary blood pumps for heart failure patients

Mohsen A. Bakouri, Robert F. Salamonsen, Andrey V. Savkin, Abdul-Hakeem H. Alomari, Einly Lim, Nigel H. Lovell

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Abstract

In general, patient variability and diverse environmental operation makes physiological control of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) a complex and complicated problem. In this work, we implement a Starling-like controller which adjusts mean pump flow using pump flow pulsatility as the feedback parameter. The linear relationship between mean pump flow and pump flow pulsatility forms the desired flow of the Starling-like controller. A tracking control algorithm based on sliding mode control (SMC) has been implemented. The controller regulates the estimated mean pulsatile flow (Qp) and flow pulsatility (PIQp) generated from a model of the assist device. A lumped parameter model of the cardiovascular system (CVS) was used to test the control strategy. The immediate response of the controller was evaluated by inducing a fall in left ventricle (LV) preload following a reduction in circulating blood volume. The simulation supports the speed and robustness of the proposed strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEngineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)
Subtitle of host publication2013 35th Annual International Conference of the IEEE
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ, USA
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages675-678
Number of pages4
Volume2013
ISBN (Electronic)9781457702167
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventInternational Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 2013 - Osaka International Convention Center, Osaka, Japan
Duration: 3 Jul 20137 Jul 2013
Conference number: 35th

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 2013
Abbreviated titleEMBC 2013
CountryJapan
CityOsaka
Period3/07/137/07/13

Cite this

Bakouri, M. A., Salamonsen, R. F., Savkin, A. V., Alomari, A-H. H., Lim, E., & Lovell, N. H. (2013). Physiological control of implantable rotary blood pumps for heart failure patients. In Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC): 2013 35th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (Vol. 2013, pp. 675-678). Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2013.6609590