Physicochemical properties that control protein aggregation also determine whether a protein is retained or released from necrotic cells

Andre L. Samson, Bosco Ho, Amanda E. Au, Simone M. Schoenwaelder, Mark J. Smyth, Stephen P. Bottomley, Oded Kleifeld, Robert L. Medcalf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Amyloidogenic protein aggregation impairs cell function and is a hallmark of many chronic degenerative disorders. Protein aggregation is also a major event during acute injury; however, unlike amyloidogenesis, the process of injuryinduced protein aggregation remains largely undefined. To provide this insight, we profiled the insoluble proteome of several cell types after acute injury. These experiments show that the disulfide-driven process of nucleocytoplasmic coagulation (NCC) is the main form of injury-induced protein aggregation. NCC is mechanistically distinct from amyloidogenesis, but still broadly impairs cell function by promoting the aggregation of hundreds of abundant and essential intracellular proteins. A small proportion of the intracellular proteome resists NCC and is instead released from necrotic cells. Notably, the physicochemical properties of NCC-resistant proteins are contrary to those of NCC-sensitive proteins. These observations challenge the dogma that liberation of constituents during necrosis is anarchic. Rather, inherent physicochemical features including cysteine content, hydrophobicity and intrinsic disorder determine whether a protein is released from necrotic cells. Furthermore, as half of the identified NCC-resistant proteins are known autoantigens, we propose that physicochemical properties that control NCC also affect immune tolerance and other host responses important for the restoration of homeostasis after necrotic injury.

Original languageEnglish
Article number160098
Number of pages12
JournalBiology Open
Volume6
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Disulfide
  • Immune tolerance
  • Necrosis
  • Protein aggregation
  • Proteomics
  • RNA-binding protein FUS

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