Physical activity in schools: Review of guidelines and recommendations for best practice

Jacqueline Witthuhn, Ina Shaw, Brandon S Shaw

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOther

    Abstract

    Obesity is a complex and growing global epidemic involving both children and adults. In recent decades, the prevalence of childhood obesity has risen dramatically in most parts of the world. As children grow up to become adults, they may be more susceptible to a unique set of obesity related health problems because their bodies are growing and developing. This underscores the necessity to prevent and control childhood overweight and obesity in order to produce a healthy population in future. In this regard, schools offer a great opportunity as a venue to help prevent obesity and hypokinetic diseases and promote healthy dietary and physical activity (PA) habits that are likely to become lifelong habits. Many factors influence the complex behaviour of youth s physical activity levels. This review identified guidelines and recommendations for best practices from international and local perspectives. These recommendations need to be targeted by multi-level interventions and policy frameworks aimed at increasing the youth s PA and these guidelines and practices may assist in addressing the culture of inactivity that is becoming the norm for South African children.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)109 - 122
    Number of pages14
    JournalAfrican Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance
    VolumeNovember
    Issue numberSupplement 1
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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