Phrenic nerve injury during cardiac surgery: mechanisms, management and prevention

Victor J Aguirre, Priyanka Sinha, Adam Zimmet, Geraldine Anne Lee, Lachlan Kwa, Franklin Lawrence Rosenfeldt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


Phrenic nerve injury is a well-recognised complication of cardiac surgery that can lead to disabling effects from diaphragmatic dysfunction, especially in children and patients with a history of chronic obstructive airway disease. Various mechanisms of injury have been recognised including hypothermia, mechanical trauma and possibly ischaemia. A clear understanding of these mechanisms is important in order to modify surgical techniques to prevent this serious complication of cardiac surgery. ? 2013.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)895 - 902
Number of pages8
JournalHeart Lung and Circulation
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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