Photoelectrochemical kinetics of eosin Y-sensitized zinc oxide films investigated by scanning electrochemical microscopy

Yan Shen, Kazuteru Nonomura, Derck Schlettwein, Chuan Zhao, Gunther Wittstock

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Eosin Y is used as a sensitizer for nanoporous zinc oxide films for prospective applications in photoelectrochernical solar cells. ne kinetics of the reduction of the intermittently formed photo-oxidized dye molecules by iodide ions in the electrolyte phase was investigated by using the feedback mode of scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). The bulk solution phase contained triiodide as electron transfer mediator, from which the ul-tramicroelectrode-generated iodide ions acted as electron donors for photo-oxidized Eosin Y molecules (D+(ads)) at the zinc oxide sample. Effective rate constants for the dye regeneration could be extracted from the SECM approach curves. The effective rate constants at different triiodide concentrations could be related to the rate constant for the reaction of the dissolved donor with photo-oxidized Eosin Y bound to ZnO, as well as to the overall rate of the photosensitization process. For the reaction D-ads(+) + 1.5I(-)-> D-ads + 0-5I(3)(-) a rate constant of k(ox)= (1.4 +/- 0.8)x 10(8)cm (9/2)mol-(3/2)s(-1) was determined.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5832 - 5839
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

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