Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii is a toxic cyanobacterium which is responsible for the formation of Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) and it is commonly described to prefer low light conditions. To elucidate the mechanisms that makes this species successful in such environments, we studied the physiological characteristics of C. raciborskii (strain NPD) exposed to both saturating (80μmol photonsm-2s-1) and suboptimal (10μmol photonsm-2s-1) light intensities. When exposed to the low light of 10μmol photonsm-2s-1, C. raciborskii showed a slower cell division rate (μc), lower respiration rate (Rd) and higher cell quotas of Chl a and phycocyanin. However, no differences in the cellular light harvesting efficiency (α) and maximal photosynthetic rate (Pmax) were observed. Under low light, the unchanged photosynthesis was associated with both functional maintenance of the photosynthetic machinery and a larger cross-sectional area of PSIIα-centres (σPSIIα). In relation to the literature, our results indicate that C. raciborskii NPD responds to low light by changing the size of the light harvesting antenna. Ecologically, the physiological acclimations observed suggest that C. raciborskii NPD can perform well in environments where light intensity is low and relatively stable, as might occur during the final stages of HABs.
- Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii
- Harmful algal blooms
- Light acclimation