Neurosecretory vesicles undergo docking and priming before Ca2+ -dependent fusion with the plasma membrane. Although de novo synthesis of phosphatidylinositol(4,5)bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P 2) is required for exocytosis, its precise contribution is still unclear. Here we show that inhibition of the p110?? isoform of PI3-kinase by IC87114 promotes a transient increase in PtdIns(4,5)P 2, leading to a potentiation of exocytosis in chromaffin cells. We then exploit this pathway to examine the effect of a transient PtdIns(4,5)P 2 increase on neurosecretory vesicles behaviour, outside the context of a secretagogue stimulation. Our results demonstrate that a rise in PtdIns(4,5)P 2 is sufficient to promote the mobilization and recruitment of secretory vesicles to the plasma membrane via Cdc42-mediated actin reorganization. PtdIns(4,5)P 2, therefore, orchestrates the actin-based conveyance of secretory vesicles to the plasma membrane. A? 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.