Phase Transition and Liquid Crystalline Organization of Colloidal Graphene Oxide as a Function of pH

R. Tkacz, M.J. Abedin, P. Sheath, Shalin B. Mehta, Amitabh K. Verma, R. Oldenbourg, Mainak Majumder

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Abstract

This paper discusses the influence of pH on colloidal graphene oxide (GO) liquid crystals. The results indicate that there is a crossing point where suspensions at pH > pKa, the GO sheets have different behavior than suspensions at pH < pKa. This behavior is evidenced by broadening of the biphasic region in the isotropic to nematic phase transition, by observing different shape and internal configurations of the nematic droplets, and in the magnitude of fractionation between large and small sheets in the nematic and isotropic phases. The behavior of GO liquid crystal droplets under the influence of a static magnetic field is studied, and evidence is found in the magnetically induced distortions for the support of our interpretation of the internal configurations of the nematic droplets. This study also demonstrates that magnetic distortions are reversible on a time scale of minutes to hours. This research is based on the LC-PolScope, a polarized light system, which is found to be a powerful tool for characterization of GO liquid crystals due to its fast and easy image acquisition and analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1600391
Number of pages11
JournalParticle and Particle Systems Characterization
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Graphene oxide
  • Liquid crystal droplet
  • Lyotropic liquid crystal
  • Magnetic field effect
  • Phase transition

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