Aims. We obtained phase-resolved spectroscopy of the accreting millisecond X-ray pulsar SAX J1808.4-3658 during its outburst in 2008 to find a signature of the donor star, constrain its radial velocity semi-amplitude (K22), and derive estimates for the pulsar mass. Methods. Using Doppler images of the Bowen region, we find a significant (≤8σ) compact spot at a position where the donor star is expected. If this is a signature of the donor star, we measure = 24820 kms (1 confidence), which represents a strict lower limit to. Also, the Doppler map of HeII 4686 shows the characteristic signature of the accretion disc, and there is a hint of enhanced emission that may be a result of tidal distortions in the accretion disc that are expected in very low mass-ratio interacting binaries.Results. The lower limit on leads to a lower limit on the mass function of 0.10. Applying the maximum K-correction gives 228≤K2 notation= notation= 322 kms and a mass ratio of 0.051 formula notation= notation=0.072.Conclusions. Despite the limited of the data, we were able to detect a signature of the donor star in SAX J1808.4-3658, although future observations during a new outburst are still needed to confirm this. If the derived is correct, the largest uncertainty in determining of the mass of the neutron star in SAXJ1808.4-3658 using dynamical studies lies with the poorly known inclination.
- Accretion, accretion disks
- Stars: individual: SAXJ1808.4-3658
- X-rays: binaries