Purpose: An open-label, multicentre, non-comparative phase II trial to determine the response rate of intravenous vinflunine as first line chemotherapy in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Patients and methods: Patients with metastatic RCC were treated with vinflunine 350 mg/m2 (n = 11) or 320 mg/m2 (n = 22) administered intravenously every 21 days. Results: Out of 33 patients included in this study, one partial response was observed in the group treated at 350 mg/m2 and none in the group receiving 320 mg/m2 resulting in a response rate in this population of 9.1% (95% CI: 0.2-41.3). Median progression free survival was 5.6 months (95% CI: 2.8-14.4) for patients treated at 350 mg/m2, and 3.3 months (95% CI: 1.6-6.4) for those treated at 320 mg/m2.The median survival time was 10.4 months (95% CI: 6.8-12.4) for the whole study population. The principal toxicities were grade 3/4 neutropaenia -90.9% at 350 mg/m2 and 68.1% at 320 mg/m2, febrile neutropaenia was recorded in 3 patients (27.3%) at 350 mg/m2 and in 5 patients (22.7%) at 320 mg/m2. One episode of thromboembolic event was reported in 1 patient at each dose level. Conclusion: Vinflunine given intravenously once every 3 weeks has not shown any clinically relevant activity in the management of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma; tolerance of the treatment was better at a dose of 320 mg/m2 than at 350 mg/m2.
- Renal cell carcinoma