Perturbation of lipid metabolism by linoleic acid hydroperoxide in CaCo-2 cells

Cordula Muller, Barbel Friedrichs, Kirstin Wingler, Regina Brigelius-Flohe

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Dietary hydroperoxides are being discussed as potential health hazards contributing to oxidative stress-related diseases. However, how food-born hydroperoxides could exert systemic effects remains elusive in view of the limited chances to be absorbed. Therefore, the metabolic fate of 13-HPODE (13-hydroperoxy octadecadienoic acid), 13-HODE (13-hydroxy octadecadienoic acid) and linoleic acid (LA) was investigated in a CaCo-2 cell monolayer as a model of the intestinal epithelium. [1-14C]-13-HPODE, up to a non-cytotoxic concentration of 100 microM, did not cross the CaCo-2 cell monolayer unreduced if applied to the luminal side. The [1 -14C]-HPODE-derived radioactivity was preferentially recovered from intracellular and released diacylglycerols (DG), phospholipids (PL) and cholesterol esterified with oxidized fatty acids (oxCE). A similar distribution pattern was obtained with 13-HODE. In contrast, LA is preferentially incorporated into triacylglycerols (TG), cholesteryl esters (CE) and PL (but mainly released as TG). 13-HPODE dose-dependently decreased the incorporation of LA into released TG, while LA accumulated in cellular and released DGs, effects similarily exerted by 13-HODE. We concluded that food-born hydroperoxy fatty acids are instantly reduced by the gastrointestinal glutathione peroxidase, which was previously shown to persist in selenium deficiency. Accordingly, modulation of the glutathione peroxidases by selenium deprivation/repletion did not modify the disturbance of the lipid metabolism by 13-HPODE. Thus, hydroperoxy fatty acids disturb intestinal lipid metabolism by being esterified as hydroxy fatty acids into complex lipids, and may render lipoproteins synthesized thereof susceptible to further oxidative modifications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637 - 648
Number of pages12
JournalBiological Chemistry
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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