Perspectives on Scedosporium species and Lomentospora prolificans in lung transplantation: Results of an international practice survey from ESCMID fungal infection study group and study group for infections in compromised hosts, and European Confederation of Medical Mycology

Blandine Rammaert, Mathieu Puyade, Oliver A. Cornely, Danila Seidel, Paolo Grossi, Shahid Husain, Clément Picard, Cornelia Lass-Flörl, Oriol Manuel, Jérôme Le Pavec, Olivier Lortholary, the SCEDO-LUNG collaborative group

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Scedosporium species and Lomentospora prolificans (S/L) are the second most common causes of invasive mold infections following Aspergillus in lung transplant recipients. Methods: We assessed the current practices on management of S/L colonization/infection of the lower respiratory tract before and after lung transplantation in a large number of lung transplant centers through an international practice survey from October 2016 to March 2017. Results: A total of 51 respondents from 45 lung transplant centers (17 countries, 4 continents) answered the survey (response rate 58%). S/L colonization was estimated to be detected in candidates by 48% of centers. Only 18% of the centers used a specific medium to detect S/L colonization. Scedosporium spp. colonization was a contraindication to transplantation in 10% of centers whereas L prolificans was a contraindication in 31%; 22% of centers declared having had 1-5 recipients infected with S/L in the past 5 years. Conclusions: This survey gives an overview of the current practices regarding S/L colonization and infection in lung transplant centers worldwide and underscores the need of S/L culture procedure standardization before implementing prospective studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13141
Number of pages8
JournalTransplant Infectious Disease
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • invasive fungal disease
  • lomentosporiosis
  • scedosporiosis
  • solid organ transplantation

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