Perspectives from South and East Asia on clinical and research ethics: a literature review

Bridget F Pratt, Cassandra Van, Yali Cong, Harun Ar Rashid, Nandini Kumar, Aasim Ahmad, Ross Upshur, Beatrice Loff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


A review was conducted of englishlanguage peer-reviewed and gray literature on health and ethics written by authors from Bangladesh, China, India, and Pakistan. This was supplemented by the knowledge of co-authors who are involved in bioethics capacity building in these countries. Of the identified literature that focused on the application of Western principles, it largely discussed informed consent and revealed norms in clinical decision-making that include physician paternalism, family involvement in decisionmaking, and reluctance to provide information that might upset patients. It appears that Western ethical principles may be interpreted and applied in unexpected ways. The literature further indicates that, although there is some consistency with Western ideas, Islamic, Confucian, and Indian religious and philosophical traditions contain concepts not reflected in international guidance. Findings suggest scholars from these countries seek to enter into a bioethics dialogue with the potential to enrich and inform international frameworks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52 - 67
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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