BACKGROUND: The aim was to assess whether periprocedural myocardial injury (PPMI) predicts outcomes in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). PPMI is a strong predictor of outcomes following coronary intervention, but its impact in the context of TAVR remains unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to ascertain the association between PPMI and short- or long-term outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Electronic searches identified studies reporting PPMI following TAVR. Primary end point was 30-day all-cause mortality, with secondary end points, including 1-year all-cause mortality, neurological events, post-TAVR pacemaker implantation, and aortic regurgitation. Analyses were performed using random effects modeling and reported as summary odds ratio (OR) with 95% CI. Nine studies comprising 3442 patients (mean age 81.0±6.6 years, 51.2% female) were included. PPMI occurred in 25.5% of patients following TAVR. The pooled all-cause mortality at 30-days and 1-year was 5.2% and 18.6%, respectively. The occurrence of PPMI following TAVR was associated with significantly increased risk of both 30-day (OR, 4.23; CI, 1.95-9.19; P<0.001) and 1-year all-cause mortality (OR, 1.77; CI, 1.05-2.99; P<0.001). Similarly, PPMI was associated with post-TAVR neurological events (OR, 2.72; CI, 1.69-4.37; P<0.001) and post-TAVR permanent pacing (OR, 1.43; CI, 1.02-2.00; P=0.04) but not with a statistically significant increase in aortic regurgitation post-TAVR (OR, 1.39; CI, 0.93-2.08; P=0.11). CONCLUSIONS: PPMI is common following TAVR and is strongly associated with 30-day and 1-year mortality. Detection of PPMI has potential to identify TAVR patients at highest risk of subsequent adverse events.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2018|
- coronary artery disease
- myocardial infarction
- percutaneous coronary intervention
- transcatheter aortic valve replacement