Performance enhancement of partial shaded photovoltaic system with the novel screw pattern array configuration scheme

B. Praveen Kumar, Santhan Kumar Cherukuri, Kalyan Raj Kaniganti, N. Karuppiah, Rathinam Muniraj, Thanikanti Sudhakar Babu, Hassan Haes Alhelou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


The performance of the solar photovoltaic system is affected by the unpredictable phenomenon of partial shading. This causes the mismatch losses that suppress the power generation of healthy PV modules in it. The objective of the proposed work in this paper is to bring out the maximum power from each PV module in the PV array by reducing the mismatch losses. A new array configuration method is proposed in this paper, which follows the screw pattern in the row formation. Each PV row is created with distinct PV modules from the rows of the conventional array configuration. This proposed work allows the PV system to operate with minimum mismatch losses by even shade dispersion over the PV array. The proper mathematical expression with all necessary constraints was derived for the array formation of the proposed work. The output analysis is been validated in the simulation of the 9 × 9 PV array in MATLAB/Simulink. The mismatch loss generation and output power enhancement are measured and compared with the various conventional array configuration methods under six kinds of partial shading patterns. The proposed array configuration is 40% more efficient than the conventional series-parallel array configuration and also performs better than the total cross-tied and sudoku puzzle pattern methods. The shade dispersion rate of the proposed array configuration has highly reduced the mismatch losses in the PV system and hence, it improves the power output.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1731-1744
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 27 Dec 2021


  • Array configuration
  • maximum power point
  • partial shading (PS)
  • photovoltaic system (PV)
  • screw pattern
  • series-parallel (Se-P)
  • sudoku pattern
  • total cross tied (TCT)

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