Performance and reliability improvement of partially shaded PV arrays by one-time electrical reconfiguration

Priya Ranjan Satpathy, Pritam Bhowmik, Thanikanti Sudhakar Babu, Chiranjit Sain, Renu Sharma, Hassan Haes Alhelou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Partial shading is the most unexpected scenario encountered by the arrays that degrade the performance causing power reduction, non-convex characteristics curves, losses, hotspot, module damage, and system failure. The adoption of various reconfiguration techniques has recently provided relief to the PV array to reduce power losses during partial shading. However, these techniques exhibit vulnerabilities such as reliable operation, ease of implementation and, higher cost and complexity due to the requirement of abundant manpower, labour, complex algorithms, dynamic operation, switches and sensors that cause additional power losses. Hence, this paper presents a low cost and less complex reconfiguration technique for PV arrays to effectively increase the power generation during partial shading scenarios. The proposed reconfiguration does not require any manpower, labour, algorithms or additional devices to reduce the losses in arrays during shading. The efficacy of the technique is tested using two array sizes under various shading scenarios using MATLAB modelling and real-time field experiments. Also, for better analysis, the performance of the proposed technique is compared with conventional configurations and Sudoku reconfiguration. The investigation proclaimed that the proposed reconfiguration technique has an average power enhancement of 20% higher than any other conventional configurations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46911-46935
Number of pages25
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • mismatch loss
  • multiple peaks
  • partial shading
  • Photovoltaic (PV)
  • power generation

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