Percutaneous coronary intervention enhances accelerative wave intensity in coronary arteries

Om Narayan, Michael Chung Hang Leung, Dennis T L Wong, Ian T Meredith, James Donald Cameron

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3 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: The systolic forward travelling compression wave (sFCW) and diastolic backward travelling decompression waves (dBEW) predominantly accelerate coronary blood flow. The effect of a coronary stenosis on the intensity of these waves in the distal vessel is unknown. We investigated the relationship between established physiological indices of hyperemic coronary flow and the intensity of the two major accelerative coronary waves identified by Coronary Wave Intensity analysis (CWIA). METHODOLOGY / PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Simultaneous intracoronary pressure and velocity measurement was performed during adenosine induced hyperemia in 17 patients with pressure / Doppler flow wires positioned distal to the target lesion. CWI profiles were generated from this data. Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR) and Coronary Flow Velocity Reserve (CFVR) were calculated concurrently. The intensity of the dBEW was significantly correlated with FFR (R = -0.70, P = 0.003) and CFVR (R = -0.73, P = 0.001). The intensity of the sFCW was also significantly correlated with baseline FFR (R = 0.71, p = 0.002) and CFVR (R = 0.59, P = 0.01). Stenting of the target lesion resulted in a median 178 (interquartile range 55-280 ) (P
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0142998
Number of pages16
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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