Perceptions of Australian and Malaysian educators in an undergraduate Pharmacy program on case-based learning

Sabrina Anne Jacob, Ong Hui Dhing, Daniel Malone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Objective. To determine the perceptions of lecturers toward case-based learning (CBL) and to elicit their feedback and opinions regarding the design of CBL sessions within the pharmacy curricula. 

Methods. One-on-one interviews were conducted with 10 academic staff members involved in teaching an undergraduate Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm) program. All sessions were audio-recorded and field notes were compiled. The recordings were transcribed, and thematic analysis of responses was performed. 

Results. Four key themes were identified: perceived benefits of CBL, challenges in implementing CBL within the curricula, characteristics of effective and engaging CBL, and relevance and implementation of CBL within the curriculum. Some of the specific benefits of CBL identified by participants included the applicability of knowledge learned to students’ future role as pharmacists. Participants also identified challenges such as the design of CBL cases and course time constraints. Respondents also emphasized the need for more training for facilitators in how to design cases and facilitate sessions. 

Conclusion. While participants identified numerous benefits of CBL, they also identified challenges to implementing this learning method within the pharmacy school curriculum. Paying careful attention to selecting facilitators and providing appropriate facilitator training, in terms of facilitation and case design, is paramount in effectively implementing CBL sessions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6597
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019


  • Case-based learning
  • Facilitators
  • Pharmacy education
  • Problem-based learning
  • Undergraduate education

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