Paving the way for industry 4.0 maturity of construction enterprises: a state of the art review

Priyadarshini Das, Srinath Perera, Sepani Senaratne, Robert Osei-Kyei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Industry 4.0 is characterised by the exponential pace of technological innovations compelling organisations to transform or be displaced. Industry 4.0 transformation of construction enterprises lacks systematic guidance and notable earlier studies have utilised maturity models to map transformation of enterprises. This paper proposes a conceptual maturity model for construction enterprises for business scenarios leading to Industry 4.0. Design/methodology/approach: The requirements for designing maturity models, including comparison with existing models and scientifically documenting the design process, make Systematic Literature Reviews (SLR) appropriate. Two systematic literature reviews (SLRs) are conducted to shortlist a total of 95 papers, which are subjected to subsequent content analysis. Findings: The first SLR identifies the following process categories as critical levers of industry 4.0 maturity; data management, people and culture, leadership and strategy, collaboration and communication, automation, innovation and change management. The second SLR ascertains that the existing maturity models in construction literature do not adequately correspond to Industry 4.0 business scenarios with limited emphasis on data management, automation, change management and innovation. The findings are assimilated to propose a conceptual Smart Modern Construction Enterprise Maturity Model (SMCeMM). Originality/value: The paper systematises the transformation of construction enterprises in Industry 4.0 and leads to state-of-the-art development of Industry 4.0 and maturity model research in construction. The proposed conceptual model addressed both the demands of the construction industry as well as what is required to navigate Industry 4.0 better.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages30
JournalEngineering, Construction and Architectural Management
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jul 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Business transformation
  • Content analysis
  • Industry 4.0
  • Maturity model
  • Smart modern construction
  • Systematic review

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