Patterns of gender and disciplinary disparities among postgraduate students' motivational beliefs: a multivariate analysis

Munaza Nausheen, Paul Richardson, Effat Alvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


While most of the research on gender and subject level differences has been conducted with same group of students studying different subjects, these differences have been comparatively less examined at college/ university level among postgraduate students enrolled in different study domains. This paper presents the results of the multivariate analysis of covariance of motivation beliefs of the 368 postgraduate students in five different subject areas at a public university in Lahore Pakistan. A Questionnaire was developed by adapting scales from Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), to measure the motivational beliefs of students. The results of the study indicated that males and females have different levels of motivational beliefs with females being more test anxious and extrinsically motivated than males. These beliefs also varied across different disciplines of study and significant department wise differences were revealed in the motivational components of task value and test anxiety.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-220
Number of pages18
JournalBulletin of Education and Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019


  • motivational beliefs
  • gender
  • discipline of study
  • postgraduates

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