Patterns of care and outcomes for men diagnosed with prostate cancer in Victoria: An update

Luke L. Wang, Kirobel Begashaw, Melanie Evans, Arul Earnest, Sue M. Evans, Jeremy L. Millar, Declan G. Murphy, Daniel Moon

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: To update patterns of care for men diagnosed with prostate cancer in Victoria, Australia between 2008 and 2015. Methods: From August 2008 to December 2015, 14 025 men diagnosed with prostate cancer were included. These data were obtained from the Prostate Cancer Outcome Registry - Victoria (PCOR-Vic). Frequencies were used to describe hospital and patient characteristics and treatment types. Comparisons were made between previous period of analysis (2008-2011) to the most recent period (2011-2015). Survival analysis using a stepwise Cox proportional hazards regression model was performed. Results: Mean age of diagnosis was 66.5 years and 44% of patients were diagnosed with Gleason 7 prostate cancer. Majority of notifications (63.6%) were received from a private institution and 70.2% of patients were diagnosed at a metropolitan institution. Most patients (95.3%) were diagnosed with clinically localized disease. Within 12 months of diagnosis, 55.9% of patients with low-risk disease received no active treatment. Radical prostatectomy was the most common primary treatment with curative intent (47%). When comparing of patterns of care between 2008-2011 and 2011-2015, the proportion of patients diagnosed with Gleason 9-10 disease increased, as has the proportion of patients diagnosed with metastatic disease. Conclusion: With the PCOR-Vic, we were able to identify that increasing number of patients were diagnosed with high-risk and metastatic disease. There has been an overall decrease in radical treatment rates, likely due to active surveillance playing a significant role especially in patients with low-risk prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1037-1042
Number of pages6
JournalANZ Journal of Surgery
Volume88
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Health services research
  • Patterns of care
  • Prostate cancer
  • Registry

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