Pattern of dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetic patients in the state of penang, Malaysia

Aliqaisblebil, Yahaya Hassan, Juman Abulelahdujaili, Nor Azizah Aziz

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Abstract

A cross-sectional study was conducted at Endocrine Clinic of Penang General Hospital in Penang Island, Malaysia. The aim of the study is to describe the pattern of dyslipidaemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and to estimate the correlation of lipid profile with demographics, anthropometric and other clinical characteristics. Two hundred and forty six type 2 diabetic patients who diagnosed with dyslipidaemia aged ≥ 40 years old. The patients who attend the endocrine clinic between 1st of January and 31 st of December 2008 were included in the study. Demographic and laboratory values were obtained from patients' medical records. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was the most common pattern of dyslipidaemia, followed by LDL-C with triglycerides (TG). Total cholesterol (TC), LDL-C and TG were positively correlated with glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c). LDL-C and TC were positively correlated with systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Furthermore, TG was positively correlated with the body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference. LDL-C, TC and TG had a positive relationship with fasting blood glucose (FBG) and HbA1c. Majority of type 2 diabetic patients in our cohort have inadequate control of plasma lipid. Moreover, poor glycaemic control, over weight and obesity are strongly associated with abnormalities in lipid levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-308
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume4
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dyslipidaemia
  • Malaysia
  • Pattern
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

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